Sightseeing in the alternative Costa del Sol.
Evidence of a rich history is liberally scattered around the Axarquia region with prehistoric
caves, Roman ruins, Moorish palaces and Gothic churches all providing the visitor with the
opportunity to explore the fascinating stories from the past that have played such an important
part in shaping the culture of Spain and Andalucia today.
First Settlers 800,000BC - 200BC
The first hunter-gatherers inhabited the Iberian Peninsular at aound 800,000BC. Evidence of these
people living in the Axarquia region is to be found at the caves in Nerja (Cuevas de Nerja) and
Rincon de la Victoria (Cueva del Tesoro) which both contain paintings thought to be about 20,000
years old. For further information including visiting times and prices etc. click on
The Romans 200BC - 500AD
Various groups of settlers and invaders arrived in Spain from around Europe including the
Phoenicians in about 1100BC followed by the Greeks and Celts but the first group to really leave
its mark on the Axarquia was the Romans. Having taken over in 200BC they remained in charge for
about 700 years bringing their own brand of civilisation to the country.
The best Roman remains in the region are at Torrox Costa where the Necropolis or cemetery and the
Fish Factory where fish were salted and turned into a fish sauce for seasoning food, are well
presented to the public beneath a transparent viewing platform adjacent to the lighthouse at the
end of Avda. del Faro.
Further afield in central Malaga you can see the Roman Amphitheatre that they are currently
excavating situated alongside the entrance to the Alcazaba which also houses an archeological
museum displaying interesting Roman as well as Phoenician and Moorish artifacts.
Al Andalus 711AD - 1492AD
The Moors first arrived from North Africa in 710AD and their Caliphate or Kingdom - Al Andalus - which lasted until they were finally expelled from Granada in 1492AD, undoubtedly left the biggest
impression on the Andalucia of today.
Malaga was the principal port of the Caliphate and the Alcazaba or castle which was built in the
8th century is well worth a visit. For details click on
Most of the towns and villages in the Axarquia retain a Moorish feel with narrow, winding streets
of whitewashed houses, but Velez-Malaga is the region's best example with the remains of the
original hill top fort and an extensive old quarter still surrounded in part by the original
walls and gateways.
Nearby Granada, the last stronghold of Al Andalus, houses the most famous Moorish castle of all -
the Alhambra. Begun in the 13th century it contains stunning architecture and intricate
decoration along with extensive gardens filled with fountains and water features. For more
information click on
The Catholic Monarchs 1492AD - 1700AD
When Fernando and Isabella finally managed to expel the Moors from Granada in 1492, there followed
a frenzy of church building and mosque conversion in Andalucia. Granada itself houses a stunning
gothic cathedral which was begun in 1523 and adjacent to it is the royal chapel, Capilla
Real, which holds the bodies of Fernando and Isabella themselves.For more information click on
Granada cathedral and royal chapel.
Malaga's cathedral was begun in 1528 but was never finished - work was abandoned in 1765
due to a lack of funds. for more information click on
Hundreds of churches dating from the 16th century onwards, many of which are converted mosques,
are scattered all over the Axarquia region and are generally worth a look around inside.
For more information look at our destination reports or use the following links:
Sightseeing in Nerja
Sightseeing in Torre del Mar
Sightseeing in Torrox Costa
Sightseeing in Torrox Pueblo
Sightseeing in Velez-Malaga